Posted on December 20, 2020
The exact impact of the agreement is difficult to measure. Trade between Canada and the United States, which had already increased, accelerated after the signing of the agreement.  While exports accounted for about 25% of Canada`s gross domestic product (GDP) over the entire 20th century, exports have accounted for about 40% of GDP since 1990. After the year 2000, they reached almost 50%.  The growth of international trade has led to a complex and increasingly broad primary law, including international treaties and agreements, national legislation and trade dispute settlement jurisprudence. This research guide focuses primarily on the multilateral trading system managed by the World Trade Organization. It also contains information on regional and bilateral trade agreements, including those involving the United States. As stated in the agreement, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. free trade agreement were: one of the main provisions of NAFTA granted “domestic goods” status for products imported from other NAFTA countries. No state, province or local government could impose taxes or tariffs on these goods.
In addition, at the time of the agreement, tariffs were either abolished or abolished in five or ten equal steps. The only exception to the exit was the issue of sensitive points for which the exit period would be 15 years. The agreement between the United States – Mexico- Canada (USMCA in the United States, “CUSMA” in Canada and “T-MEC” in Mexico) came into force on July 1, 2020. The trade agreement between the three countries replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The CUSMA results, signed on the sidelines of the G20 of Heads of State and Government in Buenos Aires in November 2018, preserve key elements of long-term trade relations and contain new and updated provisions to address 21st century trade issues and foster opportunities for the nearly half a billion people who call North America at home. The Mexican Ministry of Economy stresses that the achievements of the T-MEC agreement include the maintenance of free trade for all goods originating; Introducing new disciplines for the trade in recycled products; Modernizing certification systems and verification procedures; facilitate and streamline customs and customs exchanges and transparency of administrative procedures; Establishing coordination obligations between agencies responding to border crossings; and the inclusion of elements relating to copyright, trademarks, geographic indications, patents, undisclosed data protection, commercial designs, trade secrets, the Internet service provider restriction system and enforcement rules.